Assessing Psychological Resilience Among Pre-Surgery PLIF Patients in Louisiana: Psychometric Evaluation of the Brief Resilient Coping Scale

Scott Wilks, PhD, Stephen Guillory, PA-C, Jennifer Geiger, MSW, Kevin Goodson, MD, Tatiana Begault, BS, Zibei Chen, MSW, Jorge Isaza, MD

The purpose of this study was to examine psychometric properties of the Brief Resilience Coping Scale (BRCS), a measure of psychological resilience, to determine its applicability among pre-spine surgery patients. The sample comprised 85 adults in south Louisiana scheduled for posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF). We utilized a prospective survey design with independent self-report data one week pre-surgery. Empirical measures included the BRCS, Oswestry Index (back functioning), and three coping strategy scales; the latter measures for descriptive and validity purposes. The typical participant was a 65-year-old married, Caucasian male; no histories of diabetes, heart disease, smoking; moderate back functioning yet a high degree of resilience. BRCS factor analysis revealed its items loading on a single factor, presumably resilience. BRCS reliability was strong. Validity findings were somewhat mixed. The BRCS appears to be an applicable measure of resilience for pre-spine surgery patients, though further research is warranted to endorse BRCS validity.

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